services Selection Board (SSB), is the Personality and Intelligence Interview spread over 5 days which scientifically analyses each candidate’s potential and compatibility for commission into the Armed Forces of India.
The location of Services Selection Boards are as under:
1) Army and Navy
- Allahabad(Army and Navy)
- Bhopal(Army and Navy)
- Bangalore(Army and Navy)
- Coimbatore(Only Navy)
- Each selection center consists of three to four Services Selection Boards. You may be asked to appear at one of these centers.
- The aim of writing this book is to give knowledge to all aspiring students about the procedure at the Service Selection Boards. This book will help you in understanding the tests and process, and facing the interview with complete preparation with, greater confidence.
The duration of SSB Interview is of four days. You will be required to undergo thirteen test during these four days. The thirteen tests are as under:
1) Psychological tests
- Tests of Reasoning verbal
- Tests of Reasoning non – verbal
- Word Association test
- Thematic Apperception test
- Situation Reaction test
- Personal Appraisal test
1) Group Testing Officer’s Test (GTO’s Tests)
Note: Break down of out-door tests are as under:
(a) Progressive group task
(b) Inter – group obstacles race
(c) Half – group task
(d) Individual obstacles
(e) Command task
(f) Final group task
Stage 1 – (SCREENING TEST)
Consists of two tests, Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) and Picture Perception Discussion Test (PPDT).
1) OIR – Consists of Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning
2) PPDT – Consists of writing of a story based on a Picture shown followed by a discussion in a group of about 15 candidates with an aim of arriving at a common story.
CANDIDATES CLEARING THE SCREENING TEST WILL GRADUATE TO STAGE II OF SSB INTERVIEW.
Stage 2 – (PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS)
1) Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
CONDUCT – This is the first and most important test conducted by the psychologist. The candidates will be shown Twelve (12) black and white pictures on the screen.
- Each picture will remain on the screen for 30 seconds.
- After that the screen will go blank for 4 minutes during which the candidate has to write his story. In this manner Eleven (11) stories are written.
- The twelveth (12th) frame will be blank. The candidate has to presume any picture in his mind during the 30 seconds and then write a story on the assumed picture in the allotted 4 minutes.
What should the story have?
- y a short sentence
What is expected?
- Candidates should preferably express the thought or idea that comes to his/her mind on seeing the word.
- The sentence should preferably be of approx 6-8 words.
- Positive responses are preferred, displaying an attitude of optimism, honesty, responsibility, patriotism etc.
- One should not display negative thoughts like cowardice, anxiety, fear etc.
- Do not have mundane and repetitive response and avoid idioms and phrases.
3) Situation Reaction Test (SRT)
- The candidates are given 60 situations which they may encounter in real life at there age and in their environment as a young adult.
- The candidates are to give written response to these 60 situations in 30 minutes.
- Therefore, the candidate gets approx 30 seconds to respond each situation, but unlike TAT and WAT the time control lies with the candidate.
- The candidate has to read the situation, understand the problem (s) and give a comprehensive response in approx 30 seconds each.
What should the candidate do?
- Read each situation carefully and understand the problem (s) in totality.
- Respond to the situation in a realistic manner.
- The response should be positive and should not show escapist attitude or negative and knee jerk reactions.
- The candidates should respond in minimum possible words or else they may overshoot time in the initial situations and may be left with very little time for balance situations.
- Candidates are advised not to skip answering situations in between this show avoiding attitude.
- The response should be easily understood by the psychologist.
- Take care of your handwriting and make it legible.
Self Description (SD)
A candidate is required to write this in five paragraphs consisting of :
- Opinion of Parents;
- Opinion of Teachers / Employers;
- Opinion of Friends / Colleagues,
- Your opinion about yourself and finally the qualities that you would like to develop in yourself.
5) Group Discussion (GD)
- The GTO gives group discussion (GD) topics of general nature, keeping in mind the age and exposure level of the candidates. Two group discussions are held.
- During first GD two topics are given by the GTO and candidates are required to choose the topic they would like to discuss. For that purpose one minute of discussion time is allowed. The chosen topic is discussed for 20 minutes.
- The second GD topic is decided by the GTO himself and the group has to again discuss it for 15-20 minutes.
- The candidate should have self confidence.
- Candidates should be able to express himself fluently and rationally.
- Candidates must have sufficient knowledge of the topic being discussed.
- Candidates should not be rigid in his ideas.
- The candidates should be adaptable and should be able to react rationally under stress.
- The candidates should be logical in his approach.
- The candidates needs to be cheerful and not look stressed up.
6) Group Planning Exercise (GPE)
- The GTO makes the candidate familiar with the map of the planning exercise.
- After that the GTO will read out a narrative presenting the situations/problems the candidates have to collectively resolve.
- The same narrative is handed over to each candidate for 5 minutes for him/her to comprehend the overall situation.
- Thereafter, 10 minutes are given to the candidates to make their plans individually (without any consultation) and also write it down.
- Plans made by each candidate are handed over to the GTO.
- The group is to now discuss and make one final plan agreeable to all.
- One of the candidate now represent the group and narrates the final plan, so decided, to the GTO.
What is expected?
- Has the candidate been able to grasp the situations/problems properly.
- Having grasped the situation, can the candidate deal with them in rational and logical manner.
- Is the candidate able to understand the nature and gravity of each problems in some order of priority.
- Can the candidate identify the given and available resources and put them to effective use.
- Is the candidate able to understand and manage the time required to deal with each situation/problem separately.
- Is the candidate able to provide a workable solution.
- Is the candidate able to convince others on the common workable plan.
Outdoor tasks comprise PGT, GOR, HGT, IO, CT & FGT.
- The GTO tests the behavior of a candidate in a group where there is no Group Leader nominated.
- GTO observes the candidates for qualities like :-
- group affinity,
- natural leadership,
- and task orientation.
- The tasks cannot be negotiated by an individual and need a group to cross it.
- The tasks are time bound and governed by some rules.
- Helping material like wooden plank, pole and rope are given.
7) Group Obstacle Race (GOR)
- In this task there are a total of four tasks arranged one after the other with the degree of difficulty increasing successively.
- The task is explained to the candidates by the GTO and the rules to be followed are also told and explained.
- To do the task the group is provided with some helping material which are generally one wooden plank (phatta), one wooden pole (balli) and a rope. One load is also given which is not heavy but needs to be carried with care.
- The group has to start from the start line and reach the finish line of each task as a group without touching the ground in between.
- There are a number of wooden structures spread between the start and finish line.Their placement is spread laterally and in depth in echelons.
- The candidates are to use these structures with the help of helping materials and cross over to the finish line to complete the task.
What is expected?
- Ability of the candidate to comprehend the problem and make best use of the helping material to complete the tasks stage by stage.
- Is the candidate helpful and cooperative.
- Is he contributing towards the common group goal.
- Ability to communicate in fluid environment.
- Does the candidate have adequate mental and physical stamina to handle stress.
- Ability of the candidate to emerge as a leader of a leaderless group.
8) Half Group Task (HGT)
- The group is divided into two equal halfs and allotted only one task which is similar to the difficulty level of stage three of PGT.
- Both the sub groups are allotted similar tasks one after the other.
- The balance conduct is similar to PGT.